JAPAN Tsunami

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On March 11, 2011, the earthquake of magnitude 9.0, the biggest earthquake in the history of Japan and the fourth biggest earthquake in the world after year 1900, shocked the Tohoku area of Japan. In about 30 minutes, devastating tsunami reached, affecting the coastline with a length of 500 km (310 miles). The tsunami wave height of 39 meters (128 feet) was recorded in a port town in Tohoku. The tsunami swallowed villages along the coast and washed away all houses. The earthquake and tsunami killed more than 15,800 people, and still more than 3,500 people are missing. <br />
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Kazuhito Fukumoto, 39, officer of self-defense force, in a shelter in Minamisanriku, Miyagi, in one month after the earthquake and tsunami. "We arrived 10 days after the earthquake and tsunami, but it was still so horrible," he said. "It was just like as we saw it on TV." His force dispatched from Okinawa has been distributing water to the shelters in Minamisanriku. "It is terrible to live without water, gas, and electricity in this cold area," he said. "Now, almost everything is under control." About 100,000 members of self-defense force, about half of the whole self-defense force in Japan, were sent into the affected areas of earthquake and tsunami, the worst natural disaster in Japan.